Proppant Testing and Qualification ISO 13503-2 / API RP-19C +
PropTester is capable of analyzing frac sand (and potential frac sand), resin-coated, ceramic and specialized proppants through API/ISO standards and non-standard procedures at our laboratory in Cypress, Texas. Samples can be directly submitted to PropTester's facility or an experienced technician can collect proppant at plants, trans-load facilities, ports and well-sites to authenticate materials. Testing can also be performed in the field through the use of our Mobile Laboratories which are fully equipped for base-lab standard testing.
Quality Control in the Field:
As field expertise is vital to the industry, our experienced professionals offer on-site field oversight for both onshore and offshore wells. Prior to proppant offloading, PropTester will inspect field storage bins for potential contamination and cleanliness issues and assure quality throughout the job. As the proppant supply chain continues to diversify, PropTester can offer peace-of-mind by analyzing proppants at any time and validating the quality at the well-site.
For more information on Proppant Testing or to request a quote, click here.
ISO 13503-2 / API RP 19C Full Service Testing Includes:
- Sieve Analysis & Median Particle Diameter (MPD)
- Turbidity Test
- Bulk Density & Specific Gravity
- Microscopic Examination & Photomicrograph
- ISO Krumbein Roundness/Sphericity
- Resin Coating Efficiency
- Unconfined Compressive Strength (UCS)
- Percent of Resin Content/Loss on Ignition (LOI) Ph Of Water Extract & Wettability Test Acid Solubility
- Crush Test @ Defined Stress
- K Factor Crush Test
- Store Proppant Sample For One Year
Other tests include Hot/Wet Crush Testing, PT Crush Profile Test and Mineralogy. Additional information and procedures can be provided upon request.
Conductivity Testing +
Researches continuously study reservoir specifics. By creating highly conductive proppant packs to maximize effective permeability while reducing fines and migration, overall well productivity can be increased. Past research has shown as little as 5% fines may reduce flow capacity by at least 50% via a change in median particle diameter (MPD). However, this is just one of several damaging mechanisms (e.g. polymer residue, fines migration, embedment, cyclic loading, etc.) that can harm proppant pack flow capacity.
To better understand and address issues that can impact well production, PropTester’s laboratory evaluates hydraulic-fracturing and/or gravel-packing proppants with the industry Standard Conductivity Procedures (ISO 13503-5 / API RP-19D) as well as Well-Specific Testing Parameters. Specify your conductivity testing factors, up to 20,000-psi stress and 500°F. PropTester will then work with you to reveal and finalize the products that best meet the needs of your specific fracturing application. Any quarried sandstone, limestone or downhole core can also be shaped by an automated surface grinder to simulate formation material in these conductivity tests. PropTester is also equipped to test regained / retained propped fracture conductivity to measure the impact of fracturing fluid on the proppant pack performance.
For more information on Conductivity Testing capabilities or to request a quote, click here.
PropTester Exclusive: PS-50®
PropTester exclusively offers Single Point Conductivity testing with our patented PS-50® - Point Specific 50 Hour Long-Term Conductivity Test. This test provides answers to proppant flow capacity at your specific reservoir pressure and temperature environment. Customers select the proppant, temperature and pressure profile to answer specific engineering questions.
Click here for more information on PropTester’s PS-50 Test.
Overview of Conductivity Testing Capabilities:
- ISO 13503-5/API 19D Standard Conductivity
- Customized Conductivity; up to 20,000 psi and 500F
- PS-50: Point Specific Testing
- Retained/Regained Conductivity and Permeability
- Specialty Core Testing
- Customized Research and Development Projects
With an increased capacity to eleven conductivity machines, PropTester is on of the largest conductivity labs in the United States. This increase in equipment better allows PropTester to provide customers with accurate reports in a timely manner.
Fluids Testing +
Many properties need to be considered when selecting the right fluids for your well. PropTester provides extensive research and testing capabilities both inside the lab and at the well-site to determine which fracturing fluids are best suited for your specific field application using standard and well-specific procedures. Our expert lab technicians can work side-by-side with clients to validate current fluid systems and also work with companies to create new systems. All data is maintained centrally by PropTester for future comparison or application, as needed.
PropTester®, Inc. provides in-depth test results on raw and refined guars from across the globe. The demand for guar in the oil industry has risen over the past few years and several new areas have been experimenting with growing guar beans. With this in mind, the quality of the product is very important.
In-depth guar testing includes particle distribution, moisture content, hydration time, cross-link performance, insoluble acid residue, and the measurement of pH.
Regain Conductivity Fluid Testing
Fracturing fluid can reduce proppant pack conductivity by 90% as it is being placed in the formation. Regain Conductivity is performed measure the impact of the fluids on the proppant pack. This test can be customized to well specifics up to 20,000 psi and 500F. Set up includes a baseline and can test up to three other samples at once. Flow Back and Beta Factor testing can be added upon request.
Pre-job fluid rheology profiles and breaker schedules can be obtained with recommended formulations using a high pressure / high temperature Rehometer. Customize your tests to suit your needs. Shear rates from 1 to 1000 sec-1, up to 500F and 2000 psi. All data is maintained centrally by PropTester®, Inc. for future comparison or application, as needed.
Other tests include Fluid Compatibility testing, Friction Flow Loop testing and Barite Testing. To directly contact our fluids laboratory or request a quote, click here.
Fracture Fluids Testing and Oversight
PropTester fluid specialists are on location (onshore or offshore) prior to the stimulation treatment to ensure quality. Tasks include identifying chemical additives, auditing chemical & base fluid inventories, evaluating chemical compatibilities, verifying cross-link times, and calibrating chemical feed pumps. The job design, a pre-frac material balance, and treatment schedule are reviewed with service company personnel and the operator representative. Chemical inventories are documented during each stage and the final mass balance is calculated. Proppant transportation & delivery records are also recorded as part of the fluid service.
Ensure proper mixing and application of your polymer injection treatment at the well-site. Reservoir conformance sometimes employs a polymer injection process to block high permeability fractures and channels in both injection well and producing well applications. A synthetic polymer (e.g. polyacrylamide) which is cross-linked can provide an effective means to modify a water injection profile and/or improve oil recovery. However, a successful gel treatment is based on effective quality control (QC) practices to ensure proper mixing and performance. Polymer injection QC oversight by PropTester®, Inc. includes the following:
Pre-job review of treatment objectives, gel technology, available equipment (e.g. mixing tanks, weigh scales) & rig-up procedures
- Pre-job analysis & compatibility testing of mixing water (e.g. brine or sea water)
- Pre-job preparation & grading of gel samples with chemicals & water to be employed
- Observation of treatment mixing procedures & metering during the job
- Sampling, evaluation, grading, & comparison of in-line samples retrieved during the job
- Physical inventories (Final – Initial)
- Material balance calculations
Cementing Services +
The life of your well depends on successful cementing operations. With intricate well designs and completion practices, cement failures have become an increasing threat. PropTester aids in all aspects of cementing; from planning and designing to proper oversight procedures throughout the job on all types of casing strings. Technical cement testing is utilized through our new Cement Laboratory. Avoid the costly repairs of remedial cementing, reduce liability and allow for production and stimulation operations to be safely conducted by utilizing PropTester’s cement testing equipment and expert personnel.
Cement Testing Capabilities
- HTHP Thickening Times
- Ultrasonic Comprehensive Strength
- Static Gel Strength
- Conventional and Stirred Fluid Loss
- Free Fluid
- Density Verification
- Particle Segregation
- Cement Permeability
- Dynamic Settling
Onshore and Offshore Oversight Services
- Inventory Control
- Water Analysis
- Verify Cement Spacer/Density
- Substantiate Cement and Displacement Calculations
- Audit Blending and Sampling Procedures
- Confirm Proper Plug Placement and Release
- Validate Displacement Volumes
- Confirm Centralization and Float Equipment
- Monitor Returns
To directly contact our Cement Laboratory or request a quote, click here.
Friction Flow Loop and Proppant Transport +
As proppant and fluid encounter multiple factors inside an unconventional reservoir, maximizing the learnings on each test can be achieved by incorporating multiple equipment and material aspects. PropTester has dedicated over 2,500 square feet for flow loop and proppant transport testing.
The Friction Flow Loop System is designed to evaluate the friction reduction of fracturing fluids and its effect on proppant. Fluids and proppant can be mixed in a 160-gallon capacity blender then pumped through a triplex pump and manifold before reaching the flow loop. A Differential Pressure Transducer monitors the pressure drop across a 20-foot section of seamless, stainless steel pipe. Pipe diameter can be customized and the equipment can be designed as an open or closed loop system. The data is monitored through proprietary software to record the pressure drop, flow rate, and velocity throughout the test. Percent friction reduction can be calculated from the pressure drop and velocity of the fluid and proppant within the system.
Proppant Transport can be tested using a customizable 4’x8’ or 10’x20’ Slot Flow Wall. Significant factors including tortuosity, leak-off, and the ability for in-situ analysis of the materials after being pumped is capable on this patent-pending equipment. The wall can be highly modified to accommodate a wide variety of testing regimes and flow patterns. Multiple test designs are available including a transverse fracture and 90-degree winged fracture model.
The 2021 Proppant Transport Research Council will commence in Summer 2021. Recruiting is ongoing. All tests will be conducted on the 10'x20' slot flow apparatus.
For more information on the 2021 Proppant Transport Research Council, click here.
For more information on Slot Flow Testing, click here.
Equipment Sales and Training +
PropTester offers consulting in API/ISO lab training for your lab personnel as well as assistance in the development of your own internal Quality Control Lab. This ranges from a list of equipment needed for procurement and on-site set-up of your lab. PropTester can also help supply you with various individual pieces of equipment and supplies that will ensure the completion of your project with the appropriate ISO/API equipment needed.
The following pieces of equipment are available for purchase.
UCS Parts and Assembly
UCS Extraction Equipment
Pluviator - Parts and Full Assembly
Conductivity Piston Extractor
Bulk Density Stand
Sample Collection Tool with Sample Bags
To place orders or for questions regarding equipment sales, click here.
Built-to-Suit Laboratories +
Companies in need of lab space for research and development are welcome to rent space from PropTester’s facility. Upon availability, we are capable of housing all forms of oil field testing, including proppant ISO/API with an option for long term conductivity machine rentals, full fluids set up - including a custom Flow-Loop System and API Cementing Testing. Full-time lab technicians and a personal security system can be utilized.
For more for information regarding lab space rentals, click here.
Other Services +
PropTester®, Inc. can determine the quality of your water and its scaling tendencies.
A water analysis can be partial or complete depending on requirements. When a complete water analysis is needed, then one is able to complete a Stiff plot which reflects a fingerprint of that particular water sample. The fingerprint is composed of complementary anions & cations, representing water composition.
Test parameters may include as follows:
- Specific gravity
- Alkalinity (bicarbonate, carbonate, & hydroxide)
- Total hardness
- Iron, total
- Total dissolved solids
- Bacteria Testing
As with many other products, the demand for Barite in the oil industry has risen over the past few years and several new areas have been opened for mining the ore. With this in mind, the quality of the product is very important. PropTester provides in-depth test results on Barites mined across the globe.
Barite Testing Includes:
- Absolute Density (g/cm3),
- Bulk Density
- pH in Water
- Water-Soluble Earth Metals (g/kg),
- Moisture Content
- Particle Distribution Above 75 um,
- Particle Distribution Below 6 um.
For additional information or questions, click here.